Vaginal blood flow engorgement measurement by Laser Doppler Flowmetry (rat/guinea pig/rabbit)
To evaluate peripheral sexual response by monitoring blood flow in the vaginal wall using Laser Doppler Perfusion Measurement (LDPM) in baseline conditions and after pelvic nerve stimulation.
Useful for the evaluation of the effect of drugs developed for female sexual disorders, including lubrication difficulties, vaginal dryness, vaginal atrophy or dyspareunia.
Non-invasive laser doppler microprobes are placed against the inner lateroventral side of the vaginal lumen in anaesthetized animals. A bipolar platinum electrode connected to an electrical stimulator is placed on the pelvic nerve to allow electrical stimulation at different stimulation frequencies in view of establishing a frequency-response curve. The carotid artery is catheterized to record blood pressure.
Figure 1: Illustration of the parameters computed for vaginal blood engorgement following electrical stimulation of the pelvic nerve
Baseline LDPM and BP, measured during the 30-min baseline period before any pelvic nerve stimulation
And, for each pelvic nerve stimulation:
the mean maximal amplitude of the response, being the percentage of LDPM increase calculated as follows : deltaLDPM x 100 / Base LDPM, and expressed in %
the area under the curve of the response calculated for the entire response (AUC), normalized by Base LDPM and expressed in % x s
the vascular capacitance which corresponds to the ratio of the mean maximal amplitude of the response to the corresponding mean BP expressed in % / mmHg.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol (2001) : 281:R140-149
Links to applicable Targeted disorders / Pathophysiological models